Christos C Zouboulis, Hendrik Hansen, Raffaele Dante Caposiena Caro, Giovanni Damiani, Isabelle Delorme, José Carlos Pascual, Ziad Reguiai, Anastasia Trigoni, Eva Vilarrasa, Fernando Alfageme Roldán
Background: Adalimumab is the only approved compound for the treatment of adult patients with moderate-to-severe hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) who did not respond to a systemic classical treatment. Despite its significant short- and long-term efficacy, a percentage of patients do not respond sufficiently. Moreover, some primary responders experience a response loss with time.
Objective: To analyse the effectiveness of adalimumab dose intensification in HS patients.
Methods: A case series of adalimumab 80 mg/week subcutaneously (s.c.) compassionate use in patients with HS, who did not respond sufficiently or in primary responders with progressive response loss to the registered adalimumab dose of 40 mg/week s.c. Patients were collected and evaluated retrospectively. Patients’ data were extracted from medical records.
Results: The 14 patients collected were Caucasian with HS of Hurley stage II-III and moderate or severe International HS Severity Score System (IHS4) stage. Adalimumab dose intensification significantly improved IHS4 score, Pain Index, HS-Physician Global Assessment, pain, and Cardiff Dermatology Life Quality Index. Two young female patients with HS and Crohn’s disease developed psoriatic lesions during the treatment with adalimumab 80 mg/week s.c.
Conclusion: An enhanced level of effectiveness was assessed in the majority of the HS patients treated with adalimumab dose intensification (80 mg/week s.c.). Larger studies are required to evaluate this observation.