Publication – Epub 2018 Dec 4.


Leah Lalor, Matthias Titeux, Francis Palisson, Ignacia Fuentes, María J Yubero, Kaisa Tasanen, Laura Huilaja, Cristina Has, Gianluca Tadini, Anita N Haggstrom, Alain Hovnanian, Anne W Lucky


Background/objectives: Epidermolysis bullosa is a group of diseases caused by mutations in skin structural proteins. Availability of genetic sequencing makes identification of causative mutations easier, and genotype-phenotype description and correlation are important. We describe six patients with a keratin 5 mutation resulting in a glutamic acid to lysine substitution at position 477 (p.Glu477Lys) who have a distinctive, severe and sometimes fatal phenotype. We also perform in silico modeling to show protein structural changes resulting in instability.

Methods: In this case series, we collected clinical data from six patients with this mutation identified from their national or local epidermolysis bullosa databases. We performed in silico modeling of the keratin 5-keratin 14 coil 2B complex using CCBuilder and rendered with Pymol (Schrodinger, LLC, New York, NY).

Results: Features include aplasia cutis congenita, generalized blistering, palmoplantar keratoderma, onychodystrophy, airway and developmental abnormalities, and a distinctive reticulated skin pattern. Our in silico model of the keratin 5 p.Glu477Lys mutation predicts conformational change and modification of the surface charge of the keratin heterodimer, severely impairing filament stability.

Conclusions: Early recognition of the features of this genotype will improve care. In silico analysis of mutated keratin structures provides useful insights into structural instability.

© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PMID: 30515866    DOI: 10.1111/pde.13722